ADVERSITY QUOTIENT DITINJAU DARI PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING PADA ORANG TUA YANG MEMILIKI ANAK AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD) DI KOTA MEDAN
The development of science and technology makes it easier for someone to access information, especially parents. It is easier for parents to detect growth and development problems in their children and to compare the growth and development of children of their age simply by seeking information that is not necessarily true. Nowadays, many parents realize that their children's growth and development are not the same as their children's age. One of them is the growth and development of children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Many families feel sad when they find out that their child has been diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder, because the perception of their hopes and dreams for their child's future must be postponed. The purpose of this study was to test and determine the effect of Psychological well being and Adversity quotient. This study used a total sampling consisting of 51 parents who have autistic children in the city of Medan. Data were analyzed using pearson product moment correlation analysis. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant relationship between social support and psychological well-being in the Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient = 0.454 and sig = 0.001 (p <0.005). This study shows that the effective contribution of psychological well being to adversity quotient is 20.6% and other unknown factors are 79.4%.
Atalia, R. M., Chairilsyah, D. and Febrialismanto, F. (2020) ‘Hubungan Kesejahteraan Psikologis Dengan Adversity Quotient Pada Orang Tua Yang Memiliki Anak Usia Dini Berkebutuhan Khusus Di Tk Se-Kota Pekanbaru’, Jurnal Review Pendidikan dan Pengajaran, 3(1), pp. 77–89. doi: 10.31004/jrpp.v3i1.866.
Aurelia, C. et al. (2022) ‘Psychological Well Overview Being A Parent Who Has A Child With Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)’, Syntax Literate: Indonesian Scientific Journal, 7(4).
Dewi, D. K., Wijaya, P. N. and Adhita P Puteri (2022) ‘The Relationship Between Psychological Well-Being and Adversity Quotient on Fresh Graduates During Covid-19’, in. doi: 10.2991/assehr.k.211223.189.
Gong, Y. et al.(2015) ‘Parenting stress and affective symptoms in parents of autistic children’, Science China Life Sciences, 58(10), pp. 1036–1043.
Leman, P. J. and Cinnirella, M. (2007) ‘A major event has a major cause: Evidence for the role of heuristics in reasoning about conspiracy theories.’, Social Psychological Review, 9(2), pp. 18–28.
Liwarti, L. (2013) ‘Hubungan pengalaman spiritual dengan psychological well being pada penghuni lembaga pemasyarakatan’, Psychological Journal: Science and Practice, 1(1).
Mirza, R. and Atrizka, D. (2018) ‘Kepuasan Kerja Ditinjau dari Adversity Quotient dan Work Family Conflict pada Perawat Wanita yang Telah Menikah di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr. RM. Djoelham Binjai’, Jurnal Diversita, 4(2), p. 119. doi: 10.31289/diversita.v4i2.2049.
Munawaroh, L. and Amalia, S. (2019) ‘Keberfungsian Keluarga Dengan Stres Pengasuhan Ibu Yang Memiliki Anak Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)’, Insight : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi, 15(2), p. 249. doi: 10.32528/ins.v15i2.1937.
Nashori (2007) ‘Adversity Intelligence Training to Improve the Meaningfulness of Orphanage Adolescent Lives’, Journal of Psychology, 23(12).
Ousley, O. and Cermak, T. (2014) ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder: Defining Dimensions and Subgroups’, Current Developmental Disorders Reports, 1(1), pp. 20–28. doi: 10.1007/s40474-013-0003-1.
Pisula, W. (2011) ‘Parenting Stress in Mothers and Fathers of Children with Autism Sprectrums Disorder’, University of Warwaw Poland. doi: 10.5772/18507.
Rogers, S. J., Dawson, G. and Vismara, L. A. (2012) An Early Start for Your Child with Autism: Using Everyday Activities to Help Kids Connect, Communicate, and Learn. Guilford Press.
Ryff, C. D. (1989) ‘Happiness Is Everything or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Wellbeing’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, pp. 1069–1081. doi: 10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2069.
Sastry, A. and Aguirre, B. (2014) Parenting a Child with Autism: Solutions, Strategies, and Practical Advice to Help Your Family. Pustaka Belajar.
Stoltz, P. G. (2000) Adversity Quotient: Mengubah Hambatan Menjadi Peluang (alih bahasa: T. Hermayan). Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.